search the planet


Last Updated


Integrating Biodiversity into the Tourism Sector:
Best Practice Guidelines
Report submitted to UNEP/UNDP/GEF/BPSP by Hector Ceballos-Lascurain


This presentation was made in 2001.

FLICKR ALBUM: Globalize Yourself


1. Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 Methodology
1.3 Objectives

2. Government Planning Framework
2.1 National and Regional Planning Strategies
2.2 Inter-sectoral Coordination
2.3 Land-Use Planning

3. Developing a Sustainable Tourism Industry: Involving the Tourism Sector in Biodiversity Conservation Planning
3.1 Basic Principles
3.1.1 Integrated Management
3.1.2 Greening Mass Tourism
3.2 Applying Environmental Tools
3.2.1 Minimising Negative Impacts
3.2.2 Zoning
3.2.3 Carrying Capacity and Limits of Acceptable Change

4. Active Involvement of Local Communities

5. Developing Ecotourism
5.1 Converting Ecotourism into a Key Segment of Sustainable Tourism
5.2 Inventory of Ecotourism Attractions
5.3 Integrating Ecotourism into Protected Areas Management Plans
5.4 Ecotourism's Contribution to Biodiversity Conservation and Rural Sustainable Development

6. Controlling Quality
6.1 Legislation, Regulations, Standards, Guidelines and Codes
6.2 Certification

7. Institution Building
7.1 Education, Training and Interpretation
7.2 Developing Innovative Partnerships
7.3 Capacity Building
7.4 Developing Information and Communication Mechanisms
7.5 Business Aspects, Promotion and Marketing of Sustainable Tourism

8. Physical Planning
8.1 Infrastructure Design and Site Planning
8.2 Ecodesign of Tourism Facilities
8.3 Waste Management
8.4 Energy Conservation and Alternative Energy Sources

9. The Role of NGOs in Linking Biodiversity Conservation and Tourism

Appendix I: References to the 12 BPSP Biodiversity/Tourism Country Studies
Appendix II: Glossary
Appendix III: Annotated Bibliography



The author wishes to acknowledge the very valuable participation and contribution of the authors of the12 BPSP selected country case studies on the integration of biodiversity into the tourism sector, and also the constructive assistance of the following persons: Dr. David Duthie, BPSP Programme Co-ordinator; Stephen Edwards, Manager of the Ecotourism Development Program of Conservation International; Elizabeth Halpenny, of Nature Tourism Solutions; Lynnaire Maria Sheridan, Information Specialist of The International Ecotourism Society; Oliver Hillel, Tourism Programme Coordinator of the UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics Production and Consumption Unit; Pam Wight of Pam Wight & Associates; Eden Shand, Protected Areas Consultant; and Jeff Violi, Ecotourism Consultant. The author also thanks the Mexican authorities of SEMARNAT, SECTUR and CONABIO, who generously hosted the International Workshop held in Mexico City in March 2001.
Note. This is not an official UNEP document, but a report delivered to the United Nations Environment Programme, the United Nations Development Programme, the Global Environment Facility and the Biodiversity Planning Support Progamme in June 2001. Hector Ceballos-Lascurain is the International Coordinator of the BPSP Study on Biodiversity/Tourism and Director General of PICE ( Programme of International Consultancy on Ecotourism) and is based in Mexico City. Web:


g The Role of the Internet in Integrating Biodiversity and Tourism - Ron Mader/
g Exploring Ecotourism



Upgrade your world! See if Ron's workshop works for you.




Copyright © 1994-2012. All rights reserved by individual authors. Permission given to cite or create links to this website.